CONSERVATION AND STEWARDSHIP

ONEOK works to minimize the impact of our operations on the environment while maintaining safe and reliable service and following applicable environmental laws and regulations.

Our efforts are largely focused on reducing emissions, land and water conservation and remediation. Using an integrated, systems-based approach to manage the environmental aspects of our operations helps us to identify, assess and control risks.

EMISSIONS AND CLIMATE CHANGE

ONEOK may be subject to physical and financial risk associated with climate change. Our company’s environmental actions focus on minimizing the impact of operations on the environment while providing safe and reliable essential energy solutions for our customers.

For more information on potential risks associated with climate change, see ONEOK’s 2019 Annual Report at ir.oneok.com/financial-information/annual-reports.

ONEOK looks for opportunities to reduce emissions through strategic programs and initiatives, and company leadership has identified greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as a material area of focus.

In 2020, ONEOK joined Our Nation’s Energy Future Coalition (ONE Future), a natural gas industry-led organization dedicated to voluntarily achieving meaningful reductions in methane emissions across the natural gas value chain. The coalition, made up of more than 25 natural gas companies, surpassed its original goal to lower methane emissions intensity to 1% by 2025 for the entire natural gas value chain, but continues to work toward further reducing emissions and promoting a sustainable energy future. Through the coalition, ONEOK has committed to achieve a methane emissions intensity target for our natural gas transmission and storage operations by 2025.

For more information on ONE Future, visit onefuture.us.

In addition to developing and maintaining an emissions inventory in accordance with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), ONEOK works to reduce emissions by:

  • Improving the efficiency of various pipelines, natural gas processing facilities and NGL fractionation facilities.
  • Evaluating opportunities and implementing, where practical, emissions control and carbon capture technologies.
  • Implementing best practices around equipment and engineering controls to reduce the loss of methane from facilities.
  • Using electric power at many compressor stations across ONEOK’s operations, which reduces potential GHG emissions that may result from combustion in natural gas-powered compressor engines.
  • Partnering with electric generation facilities transitioning from coal to natural gas-powered operations, which provides reliable service while reducing emissions.

ONEOK uses technology to support these efforts, including:

  • Periodic use of optical gas imaging (OGI) cameras that rapidly scan large areas and visually pinpoint leaks in real time, enabling the fast detection of carbon emissions.
  • Ultrasonic technology that uses sound frequency to identify any escaping gases.
  • Photoionization detectors (PIDs) and flame ionization detectors (FIDs), generally used with OGI cameras, to help detect a variety of gases, including volatile organic compounds at operating facilities.

PROVIDING SOLUTIONS TO NATURAL GAS FLARING IN THE WILLISTON BASIN

When producers drill for crude oil and natural gas, flaring, or the controlled burning of natural gas at the wellhead, may occur if there isn’t sufficient capacity to gather and process the natural gas and NGLs that are produced along with the crude oil. As the largest operator of midstream infrastructure in the Williston Basin, ONEOK is committed to helping producers reduce the amount of natural gas being flared by investing in infrastructure to capture, process and transport these essential products to markets.

Our long-standing commitment to the region has resulted in adding nearly 1.4 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) of natural gas processing capacity over the last 10 years, with 400 million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d) added in 2019 and 2020 alone. Total natural gas flaring in the region has decreased from an all-time high of 36% in September 2011 to 11% in May 2020, with additional reductions expected by year-end 2020.

REDUCING EMISSIONS IN THE MID-CONTINENT

The natural gas gathering and processing segment recently completed a project to replace natural gas compressors, which pressurize natural gas and enable it to efficiently flow through pipelines, with electric equipment at ONEOK’s Lindsay, Oklahoma, compressor site. The new electric engines, which produce no combustion emissions, are expected to reduce emissions by approximately 40,000 metric tons of CO2e annually. The project reduced sitewide GHG emissions at Lindsay by more than 94% and enabled additional compressor shutdowns on ONEOK’s system.

PARTNERING TO REDUCE METHANE EMISSIONS

ONEOK is a member of the Interstate Natural Gas Association (INGAA) and participates in INGAA’s commitment to continuously improving practices to minimize methane emissions from interstate natural gas transmission and storage operations in a prudent and environmentally responsible manner.

INGAA member companies commit to the following:

  1. Minimizing methane emissions from natural gas pipelines and pneumatic controllers. This commitment includes evaluating and implementing voluntary practices, such as those found in the EPA’s Natural Gas STAR Program, which ONEOK has participated in since 2000.
  2. Minimizing methane emissions from natural gas storage wells and compressor stations.
  3. Developing effective practices and sharing information.

For more details on INGAA’s methane emissions commitment, see the association’s website at ingaa.org.

ENVIRONMENTAL EVENT AND EMISSIONS DATA

ONEOK uses several different metrics to track our impact on the environment.

Visit oneok.com/sustainability/performance-data for details.

We strive to be a zero-incident workplace, and our company’s commitment to evaluating opportunities for increasing efficiencies and emissions control is evident in continuing improvements to our Agency Reportable Environmental Event Rate (AREER).

AREER is an internal environmental metric that promotes continued reduction of releases and emission events reportable to a state or federal agency, and is an element of the short-term incentive program for all ONEOK employees.

ONEOK has achieved AREER improvements each year since the rate was established. The 2019 AREER of 0.79 beat that year’s target of 0.95 and showed a 25% improvement over the 2018 results of 1.05. ONEOK’s 2020 AREER target is 0.71.

AREER is defined as the total number of releases and excess emission events that trigger a federal, state or local environmental reporting requirement (with some exceptions to account for events outside ONEOK’s control, planned maintenance and disparities in reporting requirements across the company’s operations) per 200,000 work hours.

GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING 1

As a midstream service provider, ONEOK gathers, transports, fractionates, processes and stores hydrocarbon products and delivers those products into the marketplace. Based on 2019 EPA greenhouse gas reporting threshold levels, ONEOK reported emissions of approximately 64.2 million metric tons (MMT) of carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2e).2

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Million Metric Tons (MMT) CO2e20152016201720182019
Scope 1 1.92.52.93.23.8

Carbon Dioxide

1.71.82.12.32.8

Methane (CO2e)

0.20.60.80.91.0

Nitrous Oxide (CO2e)

0.0010.0010.0010.0010.002
Scope 2 2.12.63.0
Scope 345.947.549.658.157.4

The increase in year-over-year greenhouse gas emissions is primarily due to system expansions through new capital projects, debottlenecking and increased utilization.
Scope 1 emissions as reported to the EPA under the Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule. Total Scope 1 emissions, including estimates from facilities outside of the reporting rule, can be found in ONEOK’s ESG Performance Data Table.

SCOPE 1 EMISSIONS: Emissions that directly result from ONEOK’s operations, such as natural gas combustion from compressor engines and process heaters; methane and carbon dioxide that escape from operating equipment; venting sources (valves, connectors, open-ended lines, flanges, relief valves and meters); and other processes common to natural gas systems.

SCOPE 2 EMISSIONS: Indirect GHG emissions that occur from energy consumption, where the energy is generated by another entity, such as emissions from the generation of purchased electricity, steam, heat or cooling. These emissions physically occur at the utility where the energy is being generated and would be considered Scope 1 direct emissions for the utility.

SCOPE 3 EMISSIONS: Emissions as reported to the EPA under the Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule that would result assuming complete combustion or oxidation of NGL products that ONEOK delivers to customers, calculated using the annual volume of each fractionated product and multiplying it by an emission factor. Products covered under the rule include ethane, propane, butane, isobutane and natural gasoline. If the products are combusted or oxidized by downstream customers, that portion would be considered Scope 1 direct emissions for the customer. Scope 3 does not include the sale of natural gas to end users.

1 ONEOK’s operations do not result in the emitting of ozone-depleting substances, such as those used in aerosols and refrigerants, into the atmosphere.
2 Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) is a metric used to compare the emissions from various greenhouse gases and is determined by multiplying the tons of a specific greenhouse gas by its associated global-warming potential.

ENERGY USE AND MANAGEMENT

ONEOK purchases and works to use electricity efficiently to operate facilities, equipment and offices across our businesses. Electricity purchases from various third-party utility providers across our operations include electricity from renewable resources, such as wind and solar, in addition to natural gas-fueled and other types of generation resources. ONEOK tracks the fuel supply from third-party electricity purchases to determine our energy usage from renewable resources.

 

Renewable fuel sources include wind, solar, hydroelectric, biomass and other renewable resources. Nonrenewable sources include coal, natural gas, nuclear, oil and all unknown or unspecified wholesale market supplied electricity.
Until the specific generation resources are known, and where the organized wholesale market is known by ONEOK’s utility providers, ONEOK electric consumption data uses generation data reported by the wholesale marketplace as a proxy. The disposition by our utility providers of any Renewable Energy Credits associated with these generation resources is undetermined.

ONEOK ENERGY STRATEGY TASK FORCE

Formed in 2019, ONEOK’s Energy Strategy Task Force is made up of representatives from across the company’s sustainability, environmental, engineering and commercial optimization groups. The task force is charged with enhancing the company’s sustainability performance related to energy consumption and usage by sharing information and expertise across company business segments and helping to identify opportunities for strategic energy projects.

Current focus areas for the group include:

  • Fuel source and electricity consumption reporting.
  • Renewable energy and other electric generation opportunities.
  • Electrification and efficiency improvements.

 

ADDITIONAL EMISSIONS DATA

As part of our commitment to environmental sustainability and transparency, ONEOK tracks and discloses emissions data for nitrous oxides (NOx), sulfur oxides (SOx), hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) particulate matter-10 (PM10) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) for all facilities required to report air emission inventories.

Thousand Tons20152016201720182019
NOx10.811.410.79.67.8
SOx0.30.30.20.30.2
HAPs0.70.50.40.40.4
PM100.30.3 0.20.30.2
VOCs4.84.04.14.74.3